Saobraćajni institut CIP :: Junctions http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/rss.html Story list en http://www.sicip.co.rs/thumbnail/3.jpg?thumbId=1449&fileSize=8805&contentType=image/jpeg&lastModified=1396955103000 Saobraćajni institut CIP :: Junctions http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/rss.html Belgrade Railway Junction http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/784/Belgrade+Railway+Junction.html Belgrade is the capital of the Republic of Serbia with a population of about 2 million. The city is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube Rivers. Due to its favorable position, Belgrade has significant importance within the network of PanEuropean transport corridors. Since position of the city is a meeting point of railway, road, air (Corridor X) and maritime ways (Danube River - Corridor VII), it has all preconditions to become a center of the Southeast Europe. Moreover, the most important railway lines that connect North and South, East and West are met in Belgrade. Belgrade is the capital of the Republic of Serbia with a population of about 2 million. The city is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube Rivers. Due to its favorable position, Belgrade has significant importance within the network of PanEuropean transport corridors. Since position of the city is a meeting point of railway, road, air (Corridor X) and maritime ways (Danube River - Corridor VII), it has all preconditions to become a center of the Southeast Europe. Moreover, the most important railway lines that connect North and South, East and West are met in Belgrade.

The Belgrade Railway Junction accommodates international main railway lines that connect Paris and Istanbul, Budapest and Athens and Bucharest and Bar. Belgrade Railway Junction is the core of the Serbian Railway Network.

DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT

In order to enable harmonized development of the railway system and the city in general, the following principles governing the junction development are adopted as a basis for all technical and urban solutions, from 1956 till today:

• Removing railway facilities from the river banks, Sava Amphitheatre and Topčider,
• Separation of passenger and freight traffic approaching the city and releasing the central city zone from the freight traffic which will result in more favorable functional, spatial and environmental effects,
• Organization of passenger traffic in a way that will enable trains from all railway lines to pass through stations situated on the left and right Sava River banks,
• Handling with freight trains in one marshaling yard at the city periphery, and
• Concentration of local freight operations in multi-modal logistic centers.

All designs referring to reconstruction of the studied junction, from the very beginning up to date, were developed in the Institute of Transportation CIP.

During the past 50 years, reconstruction of the Belgrade Railway Junction has been realized in different political, economic and technological circumstances. The adopted concept shall include two systems, freight and passenger traffic, that will be integrated into one harmonized unity.

Freight system

Marshaling yard in Makiš and freight by-pass lines are considered to be a backbone of the freight system. Freight trains run on by-pass lines along the city periphery.
Today, freight traffic mostly runs on railway lines and through stations within the junction, except trains toward Banat that run through Sava Amphitheatre and in the vicinity of Kalemegdan Park.

Design and construction works for the Beli Potok-Vinča-Pančevo freight by-pass railway line and road-railway bridge over the Danube River near Vinča need to be completed so as the central city zone may be relieved from transport of goods and hazardous substances.

The Institute of Transportation CIP prepared General and Preliminary Designs for the by-pass line, by-pass highway and the bridge, fully in accordance with the requirements set by the Ministry of Infrastructure and city authorities. Final designs are not completed yet.

Passenger system

Since passenger system within the junction is not completed yet, traffic is not realized according to the defined concept.

Long-distance passenger traffic follows the old pattern according to which trains that come from different directions end and start their runs at the existing station in Sava Amphitheatre.

Railway lines that integrate the new passenger system are used for ''Beovoz''city train operations.

The passenger system shall be put in function once design and construction works on the following stations: Belgrade Center, Zemun and Kijevo Stations have been completed.

Modern passenger stations in Europe are designed to meet requirements imposed by different transport networks fully in accordance with urban surrounding. In such a way, stations become centers that offer different traffic-related services or services indirectly connected to passenger flows.

Since construction of new stations is mostly realized through private investments, the stations usually offer wide variety of services: hotels, restaurants, commercial and business centers.

Belgrade Center Station is a core of passenger system within the Belgrade Railway Junction. It is situated in the center of the city on the right Sava River bank. This is a passing station for numerous trains and enables good connection with the city arterials and metro. It is designed as modern passenger station provided with 10 tracks, 6 platforms and station building situated within the business-commercial complex. The commenced construction works shall continue and necessary technical documentation shall be prepared.

Zemun passenger station with maintenance facilities is start/end station for all trains coming from South and East directions. The station includes facilities for care and maintenance of trains that operate within the ''Beovoz'' system. The junction concept defines long-term solutions according to which facilities for care and maintenance of passenger trains shall be designed, constructed and properly equipped.
Construction of passenger station with maintenance facilities in Kijevo will also require significant reconstruction works on the main road in Topčider Valley.

Freight center in Makiš

The modern freight-transport center with container terminal and public warehouses is planned to be established in the area next to the Belgrade marshaling yard in Makiš. The center will be connected to railway lines and easily accessible for road vehicles coming from the city and highway by-pass.

Realization of these facilities will require preparation of relevant urban and technical documentation.

Sava Amphitheatre

Today, the Sava Amphitheatre Complex accommodates different railway facilities.

Construction of the Belgrade Center passenger station, as well as maintenance facilities in Zemun and Kijevo Stations, including freight transport center in Makiš and Beli Potok-Vinča-Pančevo bypass line, the freight and passenger systems shall be organized to meet the junction concept requirements.

In such a way, the Sava Amphitheatre Complex that occupies about 80 ha in area, shall become an attractive location and both City of Belgrade and the Republic of Serbia will experience a multi-million financial benefit.

Conclusion:

Works planned for junction development have not been completed yet. Buildings in New Belgrade, Zemun and Rakovica stations need to be constructed, track capacities reconstructed and extended and other relevant works performed to enable proper functioning of the junction in a big city.

The existing railway lines running through Topčider Valley, Sava Amphitheatre and near Kalemegdan Park need to be modernized.

]]>
Mon, 19 May 2014 14:41:07 +0100 Junctions http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/784/Belgrade+Railway+Junction
Railway Junction in Novi Sad http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/785/Railway+Junction+in+Novi+Sad.html ’’Liman’’ Railway Station and first facilities that integrate the railway junction in Novi Sad were constructed in 1883 during construction of Subotica-Novi Sad-Inđija Railway Line.

''Liman'' Railway Station and first facilities that integrate the railway junction in Novi Sad were constructed in 1883 during construction of Subotica-Novi Sad-Inđija Railway Line.

However, the junction was heavily damaged in bombing (April 6th,1941).

The purpose of construction of the railway bridge was to enable temporary solution for the railway traffic operations between Petrovaradin and Novi Sad.
However, this created extremely unfavorable situation for both the railway and the city of Novi Sad. The railway has witnessed significant difficulties in organization and traffic operation while residents of Novi Sad suffered negative impacts such as: traffic congestion, noise, decreased safety and restricted possibilities for construction and reconstruction of the city core area.

Works on design of the railway junction were entrusted to the Yugoslav Railways Engineering Institute. Construction of the new bridge started at the end of 1957 according to professor Žeželj's design. The bridge was completed and put into operation on October 31st, 1961.

Construction of new passenger station together with passenger building started on March 1st, 1963, and was completed and put into operation on May 31st, 1964.

The completely new concept of spatial development was created. This adopted concept was based on requirements specified in the General Urban Plan according to which passenger building is located within the central city zone, while other railway facilities are accommodated in industrial zone between the railway line and the Danube-Tisa-Danube Canal.

Construction of the railway junction in Novi Sad has activated significant reconstruction works.

At the same time construction of boulevards is realized, one of which connects the new railway station with the city center with the Danube.

]]>
Sun, 18 May 2014 14:47:38 +0100 Junctions http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/785/Railway+Junction+in+Novi+Sad
Railway Junction in Skopje http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/786/Railway+Junction+in+Skopje.html The railway facilities and the city in general suffered heavy damages in earthquake that hit Skopje in 1963. The previously adopted General Urban Plan was abrogated which further resulted in abandonment of the railway junction concept that was adopted in 1961. However, construction of bridge over the Vardar River was approved.

The railway facilities and the city in general suffered heavy damages in earthquake that hit Skopje in 1963. The previously adopted General Urban Plan was abrogated which further resulted in abandonment of the railway junction concept that was adopted in 1961. However, construction of bridge over the Vardar River was approved.

The City Assembly has launched the original idea referring to the north by-pass railway line that would serve as connecting line for trains coming from Kosovska Mitrovica and Gostivar directions. Although the position of the present passenger station was almost ideal as compared to the city, it was dislocated, while marshaling yard was rotated for almost 90 degrees, as compared to the previously adopted solution from 1961.

Since location of the said stations and lines should be harmonized with the general technical concept of the junction and its accompanying facilities, an idea about new railway junction was born and developed by the Yugoslav Railways Engineering Institute in 1965. The new concept was based on complete separation of passenger and freight transport in the city area.
For passenger traffic, new passenger station was planned to be constructed in ''Proleće'' Settlement while maintenance facilities are planned to be accommodated in ''11 oktombri'' Settlement next to the railway line to Đevđelija.

The marshaling yard positioned near Trubarevo Village, included reception sidings with 7 tracks, marshaling-dispatching sidings with 20 main and 12 auxiliary tracks and station sidings with 8 tracks. All required structures were constructed.

]]>
Sat, 17 May 2014 14:50:12 +0100 Junctions http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/786/Railway+Junction+in+Skopje
Railway Junction in Ljubljana http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/787/Railway+Junction+in+Ljubljana.html The original railway junction in Ljubljana was burdened with numerous problems such as: inadequate capacities, bottlenecks, numerous level crossings, and increased traffic operations, which affected the concept of the junction future development.

The original railway junction in Ljubljana was burdened with numerous problems such as: inadequate capacities, bottlenecks, numerous level crossings, and increased traffic operations, which affected the concept of the junction future development.

This complex task was entrusted to the Institute of Transportation CIP in 1979. The basic concept of the junction development, as proposed by CIP's experts, was established on the following principles and goals:

1. Gradual extension of junction capacities so as railway traffic might run undisturbedly along the entire territory of the Republic Slovenia together with international traffic that gravitate toward this area;

2. All railway capacities on the present locations should be retained and modernized to enable their harmonization into the new technical concept;

3. Separation of freight and passenger transport so as the central city zone may be relieved from freight traffic;

4. Provide high level of traffic safety;

5. Special attention should be paid on station and railway line concepts;

6. Junction should be designed in a way that shall enable economic justifiability and extension in phases, taking into account that each phase should be treated as a completed technological unity;

7. Routing of high speed railway lines through the junction and construction of the by-pass freight line will enable the existing lines to be relieved from the traffic, and modernized to meet the needs of the city and suburban transport;

8. The existing right-of-way shall be utilized to the maximum extent.

The Institute of Transportation CIP prepared preliminary designs for stations and facilities within the junction as well as preliminary designs of new connecting lines and preliminary designs for reconstruction and construction of another track on lines for suburban traffic, fully in accordance with the adopted junction development concept.
The Institute of Transportation CIP has been working on this project for about 10 years and realized successful cooperation with Slovenian Railways and city authorities.

]]>
Fri, 16 May 2014 14:54:03 +0100 Junctions http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/787/Railway+Junction+in+Ljubljana
Long-term development concept for the railway junction in Niš http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/788/Long-term+development+concept+for+the+railway+junction+in+Ni%C5%A1.html The long-term development concept for the railway junction in Niš was done fully in accordance with adopted principles governing the development of railway junctions in big cities. The concept defines modern technical and technological solutions for all functions planned to be realized within the junction and enhances significance of the railway traffic taking into account all specificities of Niš as regional center and point where international railway lines integrating the Corridor X are met.

The long-term development concept for the railway junction in Niš was done fully in accordance with adopted principles governing the development of railway junctions in big cities. The concept defines modern technical and technological solutions for all functions planned to be realized within the junction and enhances significance of the railway traffic taking into account all specificities of Niš as regional center and point where international railway lines integrating the Corridor X are met. The junction concept is based on the following requirements: modernization of the existing railway corridors; separation of passenger and freight traffic within the city area; railway lines that pass through the central city zone offer possibilities for organization of intensive urban/suburban traffic; all crossings with the existing and planned roads/streets are grade-separated, thus resulting in increased traffic safety and environmental protection. Location of the passenger station creates possibilities for establishment of unique traffic-business-commercial center according to European standards. The concept defines long-term development solutions that may be realized in phases fully in accordance with the recognized necessities and possibilities. This multi-disciplinary task required engagement of numerous experts.

]]>
Thu, 15 May 2014 14:57:17 +0100 Junctions http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/788/Long-term+development+concept+for+the+railway+junction+in+Ni%C5%A1
Preliminary design of the railway junction in Novi Sad, phase II, facilities for locomotive depot, passenger station, maintenance, supplies group and wagon workshop activities http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/789/Preliminary+design+of+the+railway+junction+in+Novi+Sad%2C+phase+II%2C+facilities+for+locomotive+depot%2C+passenger+station%2C+maintenance%2C+supplies+group+and+wagon+workshop+activities.html The Institute of Transportation CIP developed the Preliminary design of facilities and structures for locomotive depot, passenger station, maintenance, supplies group and wagon workshop activities based on the General Design adopted by the Republic Revision Committee in 2002.

The Institute of Transportation CIP developed the Preliminary design of facilities and structures for locomotive depot, passenger station, maintenance, supplies group and wagon workshop activities based on the General Design adopted by the Republic Revision Committee in 2002.

within the marshaling yard, technological requirements, present and planned utilities. The old railway station in Novi Sad shall be definitely abandoned once structures in the phase II have been constructed.

The locomotive depot was designed as combined structure of terraced shape that accommodates halls "A" and "B". The hall "A" is planned for inspection and maintenance of diesel locomotives, electro-locomotives and emergency inspection, while the hall "B" is planned for inspection and maintenance of diesel and electro-motive trains.

Rough cleaning, washing and care of wagons and train sets is planned to be performed in the hall within the passenger station and maintenance facilities. For the purpose of these activities, a special tracks were designed for acceptance, stabling, minor maintenance, dispatching and sets forming.

The purpose of the supplies group is to supply the tractive vehicles with sand, oil, water and fuel. Facilities designed for these activities are as follows; sand distributor, pump station, oil storage, refueling area, diesel fuel storage, fire protection system, overloading pump station, underground tank, canals for daily inspections and stopping point for diesel fuel supply.

The wagon workshop is planned for maintenance of both passenger cars and freight wagons by performing the regular and emergency inspections: daily checks, monthly inspections, minor and major repairs, and control inspection.

The complex also includes waste water treatment plant, and inner access driveways together with parking lots.

]]>
Wed, 14 May 2014 15:00:36 +0100 Junctions http://www.sicip.co.rs/en/activity/Technical-documentation/civil-engineering-designs/Railway-Infrastructure/Junctions/story/789/Preliminary+design+of+the+railway+junction+in+Novi+Sad%2C+phase+II%2C+facilities+for+locomotive+depot%2C+passenger+station%2C+maintenance%2C+supplies+group+and+wagon+workshop+activities